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Intellectual disability refers to a general cognitive slowness with learning and adaptive skills. It can be seen from two different angels: the social perspective or the medical/pathology perspective. Source: NSW Council for Intellectual Disability
The term ‘intellectual disability' refers to a group of conditions caused by various genetic disorders and infections.
Characteristics of intellectual disability include problems such as:
Intellectual disability starts any time before a child turns 18 and is lifelong.
As with all disability groups, there are many types of intellectual disability with varying degrees of severity. Some examples of intellectual disabilities include:
The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimates that 3% of Australians have an intellectual disability.; Around 1.8% of Australians have an intellectual disability which leads to severe or profound activity limitations
As each person is different, it is difficult to ascertain or explain why intellectual disability occurs. However, some of the causes of intellectual disability include:
If you have concerns about a family member or friend, contact you local doctor.
NSW Council for Intellectual Disability - www.nswcid.org.au/
Betterhealth Victoria - www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Intellectual_disability?open
The ARC - providing information and advocacy - www.thearc.org/
Intellectual Disability Rights Council - www.idrs.org.au/education/about-intellectual-disability.php#sthash.7UtZsksC.dpbs
Women’s and Children’s Health Network - www.cyh.com/healthtopics/healthtopicdetails.aspx?p=114&np=306&id=1876#3
Association for Children with a Disability - www.acd.org.au