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Disability Definition: A disability is often defined as a condition caused by accident, trauma, genetics or disease, which may restrict a person's mental processes, senses or mobility.
Statistics in Australia (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2012)
In Australia, just under one in five people (4.2 million people or 18.5% of Australians) reported having a disability in 2012. A further 4.7 million people (21%) had a long-term health condition that did not restrict their everyday activities.
For those people living with disability, 3.7 million (88%) had a specific limitation or restriction, that meant they were limited in the core activities of self care, mobility or communication, or restricted in schooling or employment.
Of those people aged 15 to 64 years who were employed and living in households, a greater proportion of people with disability reported working part-time (40%) compared with those without disability (30%).
In 2012, 2.4 million people with disability living in households (60%) needed assistance with at least one broad area of activity. Assistance was most likely to be needed with health care (29%) or property maintenance (29%), while less likely to be needed with communication (6.8%) or meal preparation (8.7%).
Of the population of older Australians with disability, most lived in a private dwelling (85%) and needed some form of assistance (56%) with one or more activities of daily life.
In 2012, around 1.4 million older people needed assistance with at least one activity because of disability or age (42%). Assistance was most commonly needed for health care tasks (25%) and property maintenance (23%).
Inclusion Definition - The action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.
In Australia, over 1.1 million people with disability aged 5 years or more, indicated that they do not leave home as often as they would like, with nearly half stating the main reason was their own disability or condition.
Disability can impact on a person's opportunities to participate in the labour force. People, aged between 15 and 64 years, with disability have both lower participation rates (53%) and higher unemployment rates (9.4%) than people without disability (83% and 4.9% respectively). Lower employment rates, along with the older profile of people with disability, contribute to people with disability aged 15 years and over being more likely to live in a household in the lowest two equalised gross household income quintiles (48%) compared to those without disability (22%).
People with disability, aged 15 years and over, living in households were less likely to have achieved a bachelor degree or higher (13% compared with 25%).
Sixty per cent of those with disability needed assistance with at least one everyday activity, of these 61% had their needs fully met.
Nearly four in five people with disability, aged 15-64 years, living in households, participated in a cultural, recreational or sporting activity away from home in the previous 12 months (79%). This was most likely to be attending a movie, concert, theatre or other performing arts event (53%), or participating in physical activities for exercise or recreation (50%).Source(s):ABS Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers, Australia: Summary of Findings-2012
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